The first version, built by Emperor Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, was said to have been a T-shaped building, constructed around 27 BC and burned down in the fire of the year 80. by Marcus Agrippa but in 80 A.D. it was destroyed by fire. The Pantheon in Rome, Italy was built in 126 AD The Pantheon in Paris was built in 1758 and completed in 1790. Hadrian had the Pantheon rebuilt, and today it is the most preserved building of ancient Rome still in existence. It was a rectangular building dedicated to all the Gods of the Greco-Roman Pantheon. The original Pantheon was built by Agrippa, Augustus’ most successful general, in 27 BC. While the Pantheon was built in Rome to celebrate all the Roman gods, the Parthenon was built in Ancient Greece for the goddess Athena.The Parthenon pre-dates the Pantheon by about six centuries; it was built around 447-438 BCE, while the Pantheon was built in 126 CE. The Panthéon (French: [pɑ̃.te.ɔ̃], from the Classical Greek word πάνθειον, pántheion, ('temple to all the gods') is a monument in the 5th arrondissement of Paris, France.It is located in the area known as the Latin Quarter, standing atop the Montagne Sainte-Geneviève, at the center of the Place du Panthéon which was named after it. Very good question! … Stendhal said of the Pantheon, “It’s the most beautiful relic of Roman antiquity.” Photo credits: Roberta Dragan. However, to this day it is still the largest unreinforced concrete dome in the world. 1 The word Pantheon is a Greek adjective meaning “honor all Gods”. Today, it is the oldest most intact ancient Roman building in the world. Described as the “sphinx of the Campus Martius”—referring to enigmas presented by its appearance and history, and to the location in Rome where it was built—to visit it today is to be almost transported back to the Roman Empire itself. It is a bit of a mystery how the Pantheon managed to survive barbarian raids when all the rest of Roman monuments had been shattered. As we speak today, the Pantheon is a church in Rome, Italy. Its huge hemispherical dome and open occulus are a marvel of engineering and evidence of the Roman mastery of concrete building techniques. It was rebuilt by Emperor Domitian but burned again in 110 A.D. after being struck by lightning. Originally built as a temple to all of the Roman gods, the Pantheon (originally built around 27 BC) was torn down and rebuilt by emperor Hadrian around 120 AD. The original Pantheon was built in 27-25 BC under the Roman Empire, during the third consulship of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, and his name is inscribed on the portico of the building. Architecture of the Pantheon. The ancients constructed this first Pantheon after Romulus (753-716 BC), their mythological founder, ascended to heaven from that site. It was destroyed by a fire in the year 80. The Pantheon has been in use since the time it was built. The construction of the Pantheon was done in the time of Hadrian, in 126 AD. The emperor Hadrian (A.D 117-138) built the existing Pantheon to replace Augustus’ friend and Commander Marcus Agrippa’s Pantheon of 27 B.C. This original temple burned down in 80 AD. The first building was built by Marcus Agrippa around 27 AD to celebrate the victory of his father-in-law, the emperor Augustus, at Actium over Antony and Cleopatra. Rebuilt by Emperor Domitian, the second Pantheon was struck by lightning and burned down again in the year 110 (Parker, 2009). by statesman Marcus Agrippa, and is thought to have been designed as a temple for Roman gods. Due to the cultural importance of the Pantheon, the Greek government put in place several plans to ensure that the building and other important cultural sites were preserved. The structure, completed around 126-128 A.D. during the reign of Emperor Hadrian, features a rotunda with a massive domed ceiling that was the largest of its kind when it was built. Since it was built, it has always been used. The Statue of Athena Parthenos. Paris’ Pantheon was originally built as a church dedicated to St. Genevieve, modeled after the Pantheon in Rome, but after many changes now combines liturgical functions with its role as a famous burial place. which burnt to the ground in 80 A.D. The Pantheon refers to a former temple in ancient Rome which was started in 27 BC, by Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa (the mighty vice of Augustus). The Pantheon is a Roman temple built during ancient Rome to honor the pagan gods of Rome. The Pantheon boasted the worlds largest dome when it was built. The Pantheon at Rome is the most preserved and influential building of ancient Rome. 5. Approximately at the end of the year 118, Hadrian was ordered to build a new temple in the name […] Over the course of a century, this original Pantheon evolved into a domed building, so famous that it has been inspiring architects since before the Middle Ages. The first fundamental concept is that as you move upwards Pantheon is built with gradually lighter elements. Twice destroyed and twice rebuilt, Rome's famous "Temple of All the Gods" began as a rectangular structure. The Pantheon is the best preserved of all Roman buildings. Today, it is not known what gods were included. The Pantheon as it is known today was actually built on the site of another Pantheon that served as a temple for all the Roman gods. In fact the pantheon was first built as a temple to all gods. The Pantheon in Rome is a true architectural wonder. Click to see full answer Also, why was the Pantheon built? The Pantheon, Rome, c. 125. The pantheon is one of the most recognized, and oldest monuments still standing in Rome.. It is a Roman temple dedicated to all the gods of pagan Rome. The Pantheon (UK: / ˈ p æ n θ i ə n /, US: /-ɒ n /; Latin: Pantheum, from Greek Πάνθειον Pantheion, "[temple] of all the gods") is a former Roman temple, now a Catholic church (Basilica di Santa Maria ad Martyres or Basilica of St. Mary and the Martyrs), in Rome, Italy, on the site of an earlier temple commissioned by Marcus Agrippa during the reign of Augustus (27 BC – 14 AD). The Pantheon in Rome was not built in a day. Its magnificent dome is a lasting testimony to the genius of Roman architects and as the building stands virtually intact it offers a unique opportunity for the modern visitor to step back 2,000 years and expe… The first one was built in about 27 B.C., but burned down; the second, built in the 1st century A.D., also burned down. One legend says that the first Roman citizens built the original Pantheon on the very site where the current one still stands in the Campo Marzo – modern Rome’s business district. The Pantheon exists today in such amazing form because the Byzantine emperor Phocas gave it to Pope Boniface the IV in A.D 608 and it was used as a church ever since. 24. A Brief History of the Pantheon. The Pantheon is a church, but it used to be a temple. The first building was built by Marcus Agrippa around 27 AD to celebrate the victory of his father-in-law, the emperor Augustus, at Actium over Antony and Cleopatra. Pantheon was indeed build by Agrippa. It receives the name of Agrippa for having been built where previously, in the year 27 AD, was the Pantheon of Agrippa destroyed by a fire in 80 AD. The second Pantheon was rebuilt by Emperor Domitian, but it too was destroyed in year 110 AD when it is said it was struck by lightning and burned down. One of the barrel vaults of the Pantheon that carry the weight of the massive dome / Pixabay. The Pantheon and the Parthenon are both ancient temples. The Pantheon is one of the most important works of ancient architecture that comes down to us today.
It was rebuilt by the emperor Hadrianand probably dedicated about 126 AD. The original Pantheon of Rome was built between 27 & 25 BCE, under the consulship of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa. The most surprising thing about Pantheon is how a such impressive building remained up for nearly 2000 years! The Pantheon in Paris (Le Pantheon), was built as a result of King Louis XV’s determination to create an edifice to the glory of St-Genèvieve, the patron saint of Paris. The emperor Hadrian (A.D 117-138) built the Pantheon to replace Augustus' friend and Commander Marcus Agrippa's Pantheon of 27 B.C. The Pantheon dome is built on a base of 8 barrel vaults that absorb the weight of the dome. According to the inscription on the frieze of the pronaos ( M•AGRIPPA•L•F•COS•TERTIVM•FECIT, which means Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, built during his third consulate) the temple was built in 27 B.C. The first Pantheon was built in 27 B.C. Before that, two buildings had existed on the same site but both burned to the ground leaving little trace, one in 80 AD and the second in 110 AD. “The Pantheon” means “Every God” and construction began in 1758 with the intention that the building be a church. History of the Pantheon. The Pantheon was completely reconstructed in 125 AD by Hadrian, a cosmopolitan emperor who had traveled widely in the East. The Pantheon was built as a temple 27 BC. The tomb of Victor Emanuelle II, the first king of Italy, is in the Pantheon Is the Pantheon a church or a temple? 2 It is the best preserved Ancient Roman monument. The Pantheon was originally built in 27-25 BC by the magistrate Marcus Agrippa (his name appears on the inscription outside), to commemorate the victory of Actium over Antony and Cleopatra. The Pantheon was the First Ever Declaration of Earth’s Rotation. The building was later renamed a church What can be seen in the Pantheon? The first Pantheon caught fire around 80 A.D. and was rebuilt shortly after, but it was struck by lightning and burned down again around 110 A.D. Originally the Pantheon was built by Agrippa between 27 and 25 BC and he dedicated it to the worship of all the Olympians. The original pendulum was moved a while ago to live permanently at the National Conservatory of Art. It was right here in the entrance of the Pantheon that Leon Foucault built his giant pendulum in attempt to show the French how the Earth rotates upon its own axis. The first Pantheon was built by Agrippa between 27-25 AD, but unfortunately it was destroyed by a fire in 80 AD. This bustling market square is also home to great restaurants and bars. The tomb of famous Renaissance artist Raphael can be found in the Pantheon as he was buried there after his death in 1520. The hole in the roof gives the Pantheon a nice light. The Pantheon as it is known today was actually built on the site of another Pantheon that served as a temple for all the Roman gods. Architecture of the Pantheon Probably one of the most fascinating features of the Pantheon is the Architecture. The Pantheon dome, which measures 43.2m, held the record for the largest dome in the world for over 1300 years until Brunelleschi (who studied the Pantheon for inspiration) built the Duomo in Florence. Original Spiritual Purpose It was dedicated to all the Roman gods. In fact, one of the main reasons it’s so important is that it still has a roof, which is a rarity in itself! It was dedicated to 12 gods of heaven and focused on Augustus’ cult and Romans believed that Romulus ascended to heaven from this spot. The Pantheon (meaning "Temple of all the gods") is a building in Rome.It was originally built as a temple to the gods of Ancient Rome, and rebuilt about 126 AD during Hadrian's reign. Origin of the Pantheon in Rome . 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